There may be new information. At certain periods of Ontario's history, only certain denominations were allowed to perform marriages. In many cases individuals were married by a priest or minister of a religion other than their own.
Not all marriages were reported to government authorities. However, there are many records of early Ontario marriages:. Only a few district marriage registers exist before Some of the district marriage registers after and one or two of the county marriage registers have been lost. In some cases, the original church records no longer exist. However, much information about your ancestor's family may be found by searching whatever records do exist for that early period in the area where your ancestor lived. First look for marriage records of other family members, such as a spouse, brothers or sisters, parents and children.
Civil governments create records of births, marriages, and deaths. Records containing this information are commonly called vital records, because they refer to critical events in a person's life. The practice of recording civil vital statistics developed slowly in Ontario. Except for some marriages reported by justices of the peace, nearly all of the vital records created before 1 July came from church records. These are very important documents for genealogical research, although the births, marriages, and deaths of many people have never been recorded by civil authorities.
Before , only marriages were recorded by civil authorities. Births and deaths in Ontario were not recorded until Although they were designated by , Ontario counties did not always have their own governments. Early Ontario was divided into a varying number of districts, and each district included several counties. Most government records were organized on the basis of those districts.
Only a few marriages were reported to district authorities between and Many more marriages were recorded in district marriage registers between and By , the counties had become functioning governments in southern Ontario, and marriage registers were kept by counties.
Civil authorities requested local clergy to turn in copies of their marriage records to local governments. Copies of these copies were then made and forwarded to district or county authorities. Those copies were then copied into register books. Therefore, the register books are a copy of a copy of a copy of the original church records. Mistakes could have been made at any step in the process. Major government vital records for Ontario before consist of marriages only. For a description of the types of marriages and what information they contain, see these subsections:.
District marriage registers were created by civil authorities from reports sent to them by many Protestant ministers. If you did not find the needed marriage in the above indexes, search the indexes to the marriage bonds mentioned below. They may help you to identify the district where your ancestor or family members married in Ontario between and Then search the actual registers which are included in Marriage Registers Beginning about , some Protestant ministers were granted legal permission to perform marriages and were requested to report those marriages to district authorities.
As other religious groups were given permission to perform marriages, they also were requested to report those marriages. By , marriages performed by many Protestant groups were being recorded in district marriage registers. The Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England Anglican Church were considered "established" churches, and their marriages were not recorded in district marriage registers. This table tells you the genealogical information contained in early Ontario district marriage registers.
Marriage bonds were issued in some cases by a magistrate or a justice of the peace giving a couple license to marry. Some marriages for which there are bonds may also appear in the District Marriage Registers.
A book that indexes many of the marriage bonds and includes information from them is Thomas B. Wilson, Marriage Bonds of Ontario Check the Internet for online indexes.
The microfilmed marriage bonds themselves are included in Marriage Bonds, Licenses and Correspondence of Ontario Upper Canada A marriage bond was issued in behalf of a couple who intended to marry. The date the bond was issued may not be the date of the marriage. In some cases, the marriage did not take place. The marriage may have been performed by a magistrate or justice of the peace, rather than a minister.
Most marriage bonds for Ontario are for the years between and The two bondsmen, who were friends or relatives of the couple, declared that there was no obstacle to the marriage. County marriage registers were created by civil authorities from reports sent to them by ministers of all faiths. Indexes in book form for most county marriage registers are County Marriage Registers of Ontario, Canada, Microfilmed indexes for one or two county marriage registers are listed with the Marriage Registers The county marriage registers are also listed there.
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By , clergy of all faiths were allowed to perform marriages in Ontario. All clergy, including Catholics and Anglicans, were requested to report marriages. If they were reported, they were recorded in the county marriage registers. This table tells you the genealogical information contained in early Ontario county marriage registers. Each year, township clerks or other officials forwarded the births, marriages, and deaths for their locality to the office of the Ontario Registrar General.
These often included late registrations, especially for births, marriages, or deaths that occurred late in one year, but were not reported until January of the new year. You need both the registration year and the registration number from the index to find a microfilmed record. If the record you need has not been microfilmed, contact the Office of the Registrar General for information. The indexes were created from the paper copy of the original hand-written registrations. They give:.
If you can't find the name, search different spellings of the surname, such as Groves or Grover. Cochrane District. Colborne District. Dufferin County. Dundas County. Durham County.
Canadian Vital Stats Genealogy
Elgin County. Surrogate Court Index Essex County. Frontenac County. Glengarry County. Grenville County. Grey County.
edutoursport.com/libraries/2020-06-16/2588.php Haldimand County. Haliburton County. Halton County. Hastings County. Huron County. Kenora District.